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MANIFESTO ON ARCHITECTURE AND KILOMETRE ZERO PHILOSOPHY
By: Fernando Menis and Dulce Xerach (2013)
"Our commitment is to promote the extension of Kilometre Zero philosophy to the architecture field in order to stimulate the economy of places and environments where building or rehabilitating, and to reduce the impact of construction on the quality of the environment”.
This proposal is reflected in the commitment to create integrated buildings to the surrounded landscape (urban and natural) and in a more fairly redistribution of wealth to achieve consensus with natural and urban settings in which architecture operates.
The philosophy of Kilometre Zero in architecture includes the development of the taste for contemporary architecture of quality that respects the landscape.
It is a commitment to the naked truth of the materials that make up each concept of an architectural project, a commitment to research the benefits of culture for a better future; materializing through architecture the “wishes” of the territory. It’s a response to the problems of architecture and the society that adopts a position towards life, prevalent at the doubts of any era of crisis.
With the philosophy of "Kilometre 0" architecture adapts better to the reality of people returning to its origins and to the logic.
The general philosophy of Zero Kilometre in architecture includes the following commitments of architects and clients (meaning the general public):
- Consuming and working with GOOD, CLEAN AND FAIR products,
- Respecting the natural landscape surrounding the buildings.
- Encouraging the use of local materials, from the district or as close as possible when building or rehabilitating.
- Reducing CO2 emissions to the atmosphere caused by the transport of construction materials.
- Promoting direct sales of these products from the retail supplier to the constructor.
-Using local workforce preferably.
Criteria for a Zero Kilometre architecture:
1. - For a building to be considered within the Zero Kilometre philosophy it must have at least 2 main local materials.
2. - The 30% of the materials used on site must be local.
3. - At least 50% of the materials used in the building must be purchased to suppliers established within 200 Km from the construction site.
* Origin of ZERO KILOMETRE philosophy: